Learn Everything There Is To Know About Plasma Cutters
With the advent of the unique properties of plasma, it makes it possible for plasma cutter to pass through the ferrous of all materials like metals and steels.
Let us first define plasma before we continue discussing about plasma cutters and how it works. When we say plasma, it is a term that is commonly used in reference to the fourth states of matter, aside from solid, liquid, and gas, in which so many of the electrons are wandering around freely among the nuclei of the atom. When we were young, we learned about the states of matter and we are taught that there are juts three of them namely: solid, liquid and gas but the truth is that there are actually four states of matter and the fourth one on the list of plasma. Once again, if we are to define plasma, it is an ionized gas that is responsible for supplying sufficient amount of energy to free electrons that comes from atoms or molecules and, plasma is also the one who allows both ions and electrons to coexist. You can actually get a plasma by boosting a gas to an extremely high temperature. If the has is being boosted into an extremely high temperature, it will cause the energy to break the gas molecules apart and also, the atoms will start splitting. This process will also affect the electrons and ions as the fast moving electrons will collide with other electrons and ions causing it to release a tantamount of energy. The enormous amount of energy being released by the collision is the reason why plasma has an unbelievable cutting power.
Speaking of how a plasma cutter works, it actually works by sending a pressurized gas or an electric arc through a small channel or a constricted opening which is the cutting nozzle. You can find in the middle of the channel a negatively charged electrode. When you put power to a negatively charged electrode and touch the tip of the nozzle with a positively charged metal, it will produce a connection and coming from that connection is the creation of a circuit and a powerful spark. Plasma will be produced once the has that has been passing through the channel will be heated by the spark until it reach its fourth state form, so to speak. Did you know that the temperature of plasma can actually reach an amazing thirty thousand degree Fahrenheit and that once it reached that level, it became capable of cutting almost any material.
Aside from the ones being mentioned above, plasma cutter can also work by creating a high velocity plasma flow between the negatively charged electrode and the positively charged one.